BiBloS Issue 2 (notes)

The second issue was dated July 2015 but not actually published until the following month due to technical difficulties and is available for download here.

All graphics and illustrations used are understood to be without copyright restriction or requirements unless otherwise credited below.

Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Quotations designated (NET) are from the NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. All rights reserved.

Quotations designated (NLT) are from New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007, 2013 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

For additional information and resources on published articles, please see below:

Front cover

The main picture at the top is of a worker in a vineyard in Israel used by permission of The insert is of a present day road sign at Tel Lachish.

The Expired Word?

This article is based on material from our Module on “The Authority of Scripture” available through our Distance Learning Programme.

The pictured papyrus fragment is a leaf from p47, one of the Chester Beatty New Testament papyri which now lives in Dublin. It dates from the 3rd century and is an early witness to the text of the book of Revelation, agreeing closely with Codex Sinaiticus.

The Latin Vulgate was a standardised Latin translation of the Bible made towards the end of the fourth century A.D. by a chap called Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus). It became the versio vulgata or commonly-used version of the Roman Catholic Church.

John Wyclif, or Wycliffe, is credited as translating the Vulgate into English at the end of the 14th century.

William Tyndale was the first to translate the New Testament into English from the Greek in which it was first written.

More information about translations of the Bible is available in our introductory Module: Introduction to Bible Study (INT01). Click here for more details.

Select Bibliography

Bruce, F. F., The Books and the Parchments (Glasgow: Pickering & Inglis, 1971)
Ellis, E. Earle, The Old Testament in Early Christianity: Canon and Interpretation in the Light of Modern Research (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991)
Geisler, Norman L., and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible: Revised and Expanded (Chicago: Moody, 1986)
Macleod, Donald, A Faith to Live By: Understanding Christian Doctrine (Fearn, Ross-shire: Mentor, 2002)
Packer, J. I., God has Spoken: Revelation and the Bible (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1979)
Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1948).
Warfield, Benjamin B., “Inspiration” in The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia ed. Orr, James, 1473-1483, (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1960).

The Narrative of Scripture

Our ‘In brief’ articles are intended to be just what they say on the tin! For a fuller treatment of the nature of Biblical authority, please sign up for our Module on “The Authority of Scripture” available through our Distance Learning Programme.

Select Bibliography

Bauckham, Richard, God and the Crisis of Freedom: Biblical and Contemporary Perspectives (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002)
Bauckham, Richard, Scripture and Authority Today (Cambridge: Grove Books, 1999).

Studying Parables of Jesus

Photographs of Figs growing on a tree and Workers in a vineyard used by permission of

Have You Got a Light?

Photograph of Oil lamp is from author’s collection – a Judean oil lamp from Iron Age I, discovered in the vicinity of Jerusalem.

Mark: The Gospel Truth (Part two)

Photograph of Henry Allingham in Royal Naval Air Service uniform during World War I in 1916, is in the public domain.

Photograph of Harry Patch © Copyright Jim Ross and licensed for reuse under this GNU Free Documentation License Harry Patch was born 1898. Last surviving veteran of the Western Front WWI. Wounded in the 3rd Battle of Ypres.

Image of Eusebius is in the public domain.

Tel Lachish

Aerial photograph of Tel Lachish used by permission of

If you would be interested in Patrick visiting your congregation to make a presentation on his excavations at Tel Beth-Shemesh, his visit to Tel Lachish or conduct a seminar on Biblical archaeology, he has put together a number of options you might like to consider. Please get in touch with him via e-mail or our contact page.

On Trial

This is the second in a series of articles or stories under the general title: A Different View. Written by Steven Whitehead, they are essentially historical fiction and written to convey some Biblical truths in a more readily accessible fashion. Using an imaginary eyewitness as narrator allows the story to be told in the first person, encouraging readers to be drawn more directly into the events as they unfold.

His full commentary on the story with relevant sources is available here.

All photographs used by permission of